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Country DLCO-EA Reserve Base

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Country Profile - Eritrea

Eritrea covers an area of 117,760 km2 and has a coastline of over 1,000 km. It is situated in the Horn of Africa, neighbouring Sudan, Ethiopia and Djibouti and bordered to the East with the Red Sea . The total cultivable area is estimated to be around 1.6 million ha.
 
The total cultivated area was 503,000 ha in 2002, of which 500,000 ha arable land and 3,000 ha permanent crops. Most of the country consists of savannah, steppes and desert, particularly in the south-western lowlands and in the east near the Red Sea. The highlands, where altitudes range between 1,500 and 2,000 m, are among the oldest areas cultivated by humans and they show signs of overuse. Administratively, Eritrea is divided into six Zobas (Provinces). Six different major agro-ecological zones can be distinguished, with crop production being concentrated on the moist highlands and the lowlands.
 
Eritrea harbours important Desert Locust breeding areas particularly during the winter season in the Eastern Lowlands stretching along the Red Sea coast to the border with Sudan in the North and during the summer season in the Western Lowlands in the Gash-Barka basin.

During the recent years, the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Resources in underwent major structural reforms with focus on decentralizing the implementation of the agricultural policies to the regions (Zobas). Amongst other plant protection matters, Desert Locust affaires are coordinated by the Officers of the Crop Protection Unit and the Locust Information Office under the supervision of the Director of the Technical Service Division. The Locust Information Office is equipped with modern data management equipment, Reconnaissance and Management System of the Environment of Schistocerca (RAMSES). Because of only limited own resources, the Crop Protection Unit has to conduct all Desert Locust survey and control activities in close collaboration with the regional Agricultural Departments.

Member Countries

Member Countries of the Organization are Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda. Its Headquarters are in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia with country Control Reserve Bases in each of the Member Countries

Djibouti

Djibouti

The Republic of Djibouti, located in north-eastern Africa, lies on the western shore of the Gulf of Aden.
Sudan

Sudan

The Republic of the Sudan  , located in north-eastern Africa, lies almost entirely within the tropics between ...

Kenya

Kenya

The Republic of Djibouti, located in north-eastern Africa, lies on the western shore of the Gulf of Aden.
Somalia

Somalia

Federal Republic of Somalia is a sovereign state with its territory located in the Horn of Africa

Eritrea

Eritrea

Eritrea covers an area of 117,760 km2 and has a coastline of over 1,000 km. It is situated in the Horn of Africa ...
South Sudan

South Sudan

Duis in mi erat. Phasellus vitae in to lorem vehicula, viverra libero quis, sodalesnulla. Donec at the turpis quis tellus laoreet

Ethiopia

Ethiopia

The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia covers a total area of 1,104,300 km2 between ...
Tanzania

Tanzania

Tanzania officially the United Republic of Tanzania is a sovereign state in eastern Africa within the African Great Lakes region.

Uganda

Uganda

Uganda is a landlocked country in East Africa whose diverse landscape encompasses the snow-capped Rwenzori Mountains ...

Successful suppression and control of Desert Locusts in the main outbreak areas of Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia and Djibouti has kept Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda free from locust invasion for the past five decades. This means improved food security by saving millions of tonnes of food as well as foreign exchange that would have been spent on importing food in the affected countries.

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